“The world is an evolving community in which self-identity is found less in oneself than in one’s ongoing relations to others. The ideal of human interpersonal relations is not individual self-fulfillment in distinction from another but mutual transformation through self-gift to the other and reception of the other as gift.” – Ilia Delio, The Unbearable Wholeness of Being, 193
As I noted in my last post, Jungian analyst Dr. Bud Harris writes, “… while absolute evil may not be able to be integrated, it can, perhaps, awaken us to our better selves and our need to look for the kind of consciousness Dr. Jung thought our future depends on.” Confronting Evil, 86-87
What do these psychologists mean by consciousness? Aren’t we all conscious? What kind of consciousness did Jung think our future depends on?
Freud believed there are two interacting systems in the psyche: ego and unconscious. But Jung’s work with his patients combined with his experiments on himself convinced him that the psyche contains three interacting systems: ego consciousness, personal unconscious, and collective unconscious. In other words, the unconscious has two levels: personal and collective.
- Ego consciousness: This kind of consciousness is simply everything you know, or think you know, about yourself. Your ideas, desires, hopes, preferences, memories, certain emotions you are aware of feeling, attitudes and beliefs you know you carry around with you, things you like and don’t like.
- Personal unconscious: The personal level of your unconscious contains everything you have forgotten or repressed, as well as complexes of attitudes, memories, and thoughts related to a single concept, like mother, or a belief that you are superior or inferior to others. Your ego can access this information if you acknowledge things others tell you about yourself that you don’t want to admit to. Or if you pay attention to your dreams, which show you things you don’t know about yourself every night.
- Collective unconscious: The third level lies ‘beneath’ your personal unconscious. This is the deep level of the soul. Your soul. My soul. Everyone’s soul. It only requires a modicum of familiarity with world mythologies and religions to see that the psyches/souls of every human being always and everywhere are furnished with the same fundamental patterns. Jung called them archetypes. We know they are universal because mythical, artistic, and religions expressions of them appear in every culture throughout history. Even the most physically isolated societies created images and told stories with the same themes, characters, symbols and plots that still resonate with us today.
“Consciousness refers to your individual awareness of your unique thoughts, memories, feelings, sensations, and environments.” verywellmind.com
Nobody is self-aware all the time, and most egos are unaware of both levels of the unconscious most of the time. Our primitive ancestors were conscious of the mysteries of nature and life, of course, but according to Anthropologist Lucien Levy-Bruhl, for the most part they made no distinction between themselves and what they believed they perceived about the world. Levy-Bruhl called this participation mystique, or archaic identity. Migrations into new parts of the world and subsequent relationships with different people, cultures, and belief systems slowly brought more awareness of our individuality to our species.
In our time we are acquiring a shocking realization: we are fundamentally connected to everything else in the world at a deep, unconscious level. Another way of saying this is that each of us is a unique and crucially important part of one unified world soul. But just as you can never see or completely know your own soul, you cannot experience your connection with the world soul through logical, direct means, but only through symbols, ideas, imagination, and synchronicities. This is how the collective unconscious interacts with the other two levels of consciousness. Observing your subtle feeling responses to these prompts, especially those that bring a major “Aha,” raises your self-awareness. Finding meaningful ways to act on them brings you closer to your own soul. This is the kind of consciousness Dr. Jung thought our future depends on.
What does this mean in terms of the future of our world? First, it means that as long as you think of yourself primarily as a tough, self-sufficient individual answerable to nothing but your immediate surroundings and closest, like-minded companions, your conscious energy will focus on maintaining your individual rights and you will trust nothing and nobody but yourself. Alone, ego consciousness is a prescription for mistrust, fear, divisiveness, and war. Do we have a problem with ego consciousness? Consider that the 20th century was the most murderous in recorded history.
Second, it means that if you can’t break through your resistance to your unconscious self — which holds some valuable neglected potential — nothing in your life will change in any lasting beneficial way. The path to your fulfillment is to listen to others and heed the subtle messages you receive from your unconscious, personal and collective. Befriend the other without and within. Otherness is the world soul’s gift to you. Living close to your soul is your gift to the world.
Jean Raffa’s The Bridge to Wholeness and Dream Theatres of the Soul are at Amazon. E-book versions are also at Kobo, Barnes And Noble and Smashwords. Healing the Sacred Divide can be found at Amazon and Larson Publications.com. Her new book, The Soul’s Twins, is available at Schiffer, Red Feather Mind, Body, Spirit and wherever books are sold. Subscribe to her newsletter at www.jeanbenedictraffa.com.